Tracking Ancient Life


Chondrites (from Wikimedia Commons)

The lecture presentation: 2013_TrackingAncientLife_SML

Charles Darwin – worms and vegetable mould (from Darwin Online)

Darwin’s wormstone at Down House, Kent.

Phil Manning’s Dinosaur CSI website.

An amazing dinosaur trackway site in Bolivia.

Dinosaur speed calculator (from the University of Sheffield)

Why that previous theory might be wrong! (from Heinrich Mallison, Berlin)

How fast did ancient people run? (My blog post on interpreting fossil trackways)

The deep sea animals that live in trees (National Geographic article about boring marine creatures).


An Introduction to Geology: 7


Ice and Water, Argentina (from Wikimedia Commons)

Lecture notes (pdf file): 2013_IntroGeol_Lect7_climate

Oxygen isotopes as ancient temperature proxies (from the JOIDES Resolution project).

Using earthworm poo as a palaeo-thermometer (the original paper can be read here).

Milutin Milankovitch: Seeking the Cause of the Ice Ages (from AMNH)

A tutorial on Milankovitch cyclicity (from Science Courseware)

Erratics: rocks from afar (pebbles of the Yorkshire Coast, by Coast Alive).

Mapping the glacial deposits and landforms of the Vale of York: Hall_etal2010_gcl_map_ValeYork (paper by Hall et al. 2010).

Coastal erosion maps (from the Environment Agency).

Coastal Explorer, assessing coastal erosion in the East Riding of Yorkshire.

An overview of the Snowball Earth hypothesis (Gabrielle Walker’s book is highly recommended).


An Introduction to Geological Maps


William Smith’s geological map (1820) – from Wikimedia Commons

Lecture notes (PowerPoint format): 2013_IntroGclMaps

Exercise 1 (pdf from Earth Learning Idea website): 2013_GclMaps_Ex1

Exercise 2 (pdf): 2013_GclMaps_mapping_intro

Exercise 3 (pdf): 2013_GclMaps_Ex3

Geological map resources:

The British Geological Survey has various Open Geoscience resources (including the Geology of Britain viewer, and the iGeology app). There is also the BGS Lexicon of Named Rock Units.

Geological mapping of the Vale of York: Hall_etal2010_gcl_map_ValeYork (paper by Hall et al.) has a simplified geological map of Scotland.

OneGeology – Making Geological Map Data Accessible

US National Geologic Map Database

A History of Mapping:

A cannon at Hampton: William Roy and the start of the Ordnance Survey (Twickenham Museum)

William Smith (NHM biography)

William Smith – a man who changed the world (BGS biography)

The Map That Changed The World (by Simon Winchester)

John Phillips – Time Lord of York (my article for YorkMix)

Phillips’ 1855 geological map of Yorkshire

The Mapping of Assynt:

An Assynt mapping fieldtrip (courtesy of Leeds University)

A 3D reconstruction of the geology of Assynt (by the British Geological Survey)

A pilgrimage to Assynt (by Metageologist)

A biography of Charles Lapworth (Birmingham University)

How did Peach & Horne map Assynt? (Leeds University)


An Introduction to Geology: 6


Plate tectonic map, from Wikimedia Commons.

Lecture notes as a pdf: 2013_IntroGeol_Lect6_tect_SML

Lecture notes as a PowerPoint file: 2013_IntroGeol_Lect6_tect_SML

The day the Earth moved (Extremely interesting Cosmos article on the theory of plate tectonics).

Rheology in structural geology, by the University of Leeds (just in case you missed it)

Leeds also provide further teaching resources on structural geology here.

An online geology dictionary/glossary can be found here.

What heats the Earth’s core? (from

Early Earth had molten magma oceans, new study suggests.

The Iapetus Suture on the Isle of Man (Manx Geological Survey)


An Introduction to Geology: 5


Gneiss (image from Wikimedia Commons)

A pdf of the lecture slides – 2013_IntroGeol_Lect5_meta

Types, grades and facies of metamorphism (a guide by the British Geological Survey).

Classification of metamorphic rocks (from Kentucky University)

A list of metamorphic mineral types (from UC Santa Barbara)

Metamorphic minerals (National Museum of Wales guide)

An atlas of metamorphic minerals in thin section (from Oxford University)

Barrovian metamorphism (from James Madison University)

George Barrow, metamorphic pioneer (from Oxford Dictionary of National Biography)

Chiastolite slate from the Lake District (from the NE Geological Society)

A simple introduction to rock deformation – rheology – can be found here (from the University of Leeds). It might prove useful for lecture 6 too!