OIL & GAS
Lecture notes (pdf):
Lecture notes (PowerPoint): 2014_PoweredbyRock_lect3_oil_gas_SML
UK onshore oil and gas (British Geological Survey fact file)
Oil & Gas UK – the voice of the offshore industry
Lecture notes (pdf): 2014_PoweredbyRock_lect2_coal_mini
Lecture notes (PowerPoint): 2014_PoweredbyRock_lect2_coal
Energy from fossil fuels – a short explanation of the chemical reactions that allow us to extract energy from hydrocarbons, by Western Oregon University.
Coal – guide from the Minerals UK section of the British Geological Survey.
Coal statistics from the UK Government.
World coal statistics from UK Coal.
Coal mining statistics from the National Coal Mining Museum.
Earth’s Energy Systems – Introduction
(updated Thurs. Jan 23rd)
Lecture slides from Week 1:
2014_PoweredbyRock_lect1_intro (PowerPoint file)
Generally useful online energy resources:
Prof. David MacKay’s book ‘Sustainable Energy – Without the Hot Air’ can be downloaded free from his website here.
The International Energy Agency (IEA) website can be found here.
Gridwatch (live data of UK National Grid power sources) can be found here.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) Energy Resources Program also provides lots of data. It can be found here.
The World Health Organization (WHO) provides significant information on the health impacts of different fuel sources, in its Fuel For Life publication. It can be found here.
The global seismic hazard assessment programme (1992-1999).
Predicting earthquakes (USGS web resources)
Earthquakes and seismology (BGS resources)
The L’Aquila Earthquake, Italy (by Dr Richard Walters, University of Leeds)
Did toads predict the L’Aquila earthquake? (from Nature Blogs)
Using thermal imaging to predict volcanic eruptions (from National Geographic)
The Yellowstone super-volcano is also rather larger than previously thought (from BBC News)
Measuring plate motion (by Andrew Alden, Geology About)
Using GPS to measure plate movements (University of Colorado)
Calculate the speed your plate is moving at! (from UNAVCO)
Climate & Extinctions
The Big Five Mass Extinctions (from the Natural History Museum)
Has the Earth’s Sixth Mass Extinction Already Arrived? (paper by Barnosky et al.)
Movement of marine life follows climate change (article in Science Daily)
More species in a warmer world? (article in Nature)
English Heritage/BGS county atlases of building stones.
GeoScenic, the national archive of geological photographs.
Minerals UK (BGS website)
Coal mining map of the UK (from the Coal Authority)
This Exploited Land: ironstone and the railways in the North Yorks Moors
Cleveland Ironstone: a history (from the Tees Valley RIGS website)
Map of UK oil and gas fields (from DECC)
UK energy analysis (by US Energy Information Administration)
The Future of the Global Minerals and Metals Sector (BGS article)
Geology of the Coed-y-Brenin (from Geology Wales)
Geology of the Great Orme copper mines (from Wales Underground)
Treasures from the Deep (RSC article on the challenges of deep sea mining)
Rare earth elements: a beginner’s guide (from the BGS)
Rare earths and renewables (an article I wrote for the Newfoundland Independent)
Geothermal energy (BGS website)
Fossils & Palaeontology
3D Fossils (new project led by the British Geological Survey)
British Fossils (book by Peter Doyle)
St Hilda’s ammonite, Hildoceras bifrons (NHM website)
The Palaeontological Association (UK-based organization promoting palaeontological science)
Palaeontology Online (articles about the cutting edge of fossil research, written by palaeontologists)
Palaeocast (Palaeontology podcasts and photos on a wide variety of topics)
Fossil evidence of early life: Oldest_fossil_evidence_PaleoSoc (a short guide by the Paleontological Society)
The fossil record of cyanobacteria (UCMP website)
The earliest evidence of life (Phys.org article). If you want the full scientific version, it can be found here: 3.48 billion year-old microbially induced sedimentary structures.
The lecture presentation: 2013_TrackingAncientLife_SML
Charles Darwin – worms and vegetable mould (from Darwin Online)
Darwin’s wormstone at Down House, Kent.
Phil Manning’s Dinosaur CSI website.
An amazing dinosaur trackway site in Bolivia.
Dinosaur speed calculator (from the University of Sheffield)
Why that previous theory might be wrong! (from Heinrich Mallison, Berlin)
How fast did ancient people run? (My blog post on interpreting fossil trackways)
The deep sea animals that live in trees (National Geographic article about boring marine creatures).
ICE & WATER
Lecture notes (pdf file): 2013_IntroGeol_Lect7_climate
Oxygen isotopes as ancient temperature proxies (from the JOIDES Resolution project).
A tutorial on Milankovitch cyclicity (from Science Courseware)
Erratics: rocks from afar (pebbles of the Yorkshire Coast, by Coast Alive).
Mapping the glacial deposits and landforms of the Vale of York: Hall_etal2010_gcl_map_ValeYork (paper by Hall et al. 2010).
Coastal erosion maps (from the Environment Agency).
Coastal Explorer, assessing coastal erosion in the East Riding of Yorkshire.
Lecture notes (PowerPoint format): 2013_IntroGclMaps
Exercise 2 (pdf): 2013_GclMaps_mapping_intro
Exercise 3 (pdf): 2013_GclMaps_Ex3
Geological map resources:
Geological mapping of the Vale of York: Hall_etal2010_gcl_map_ValeYork (paper by Hall et al.)
ScottishGeology.com has a simplified geological map of Scotland.
OneGeology – Making Geological Map Data Accessible
A History of Mapping:
A cannon at Hampton: William Roy and the start of the Ordnance Survey (Twickenham Museum)
William Smith (NHM biography)
William Smith – a man who changed the world (BGS biography)
The Map That Changed The World (by Simon Winchester)
John Phillips – Time Lord of York (my article for YorkMix)
Phillips’ 1855 geological map of Yorkshire
The Mapping of Assynt:
An Assynt mapping fieldtrip (courtesy of Leeds University)
A 3D reconstruction of the geology of Assynt (by the British Geological Survey)
A pilgrimage to Assynt (by Metageologist)
A biography of Charles Lapworth (Birmingham University)
How did Peach & Horne map Assynt? (Leeds University)
STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY & PLATE TECTONICS
Lecture notes as a pdf: 2013_IntroGeol_Lect6_tect_SML
Lecture notes as a PowerPoint file: 2013_IntroGeol_Lect6_tect_SML
The day the Earth moved (Extremely interesting Cosmos article on the theory of plate tectonics).
Rheology in structural geology, by the University of Leeds (just in case you missed it)
Leeds also provide further teaching resources on structural geology here.
An online geology dictionary/glossary can be found here.
What heats the Earth’s core? (from phys.org)
Early Earth had molten magma oceans, new study suggests.
The Iapetus Suture on the Isle of Man (Manx Geological Survey)