Permian magnesian limestones in the York city walls.
The slides from my Lifelong Learning class on the Geology of York can be downloaded as a PowerPoint file (Geology_of_York) or a PDF (Geology_of_York).
The paper by Hall et al. (2010) on the glacial and post-glacial geology of the Vale of York can be downloaded here.
The History of York website gives a brief summary of the prehistory of the city.
Sources of Building Material in Roman York (Gaunt & Buckland 2002) can be downloaded here.
The London Pavement Geology website, run by Dr Ruth Siddall, which includes York building stone sites, can be found here.
A biography of Martin Lister on the Yorkshire Philosophical Society website can be read here.
3D Geology of York – the British Geological Survey has produced a 3D model of the geology beneath York, which can be downloaded here.
Should you wish to consult the literature referred to in my Aspidella poster at the ISECT 2017 conference, it is as follows:
Billings, E. 1872: On some fossils from the Primordial rocks of Newfoundland. Naturaliste Canadien, 6, p. 465-479.
Boyce & Reynolds (2008): http://bit.ly/2sV42NX
Gehling et al. (2000): http://bit.ly/2suzZ1X
Menon et al. (2013): http://bit.ly/2suORO4
The Iapetus Suture on the Isle of Man.
My lecture slides for the 2017 Lifelong Learning class ‘A Geological History of Britain’ can be found (as PDFs) here:
- Introduction: 2017_GHB_Part1_Intro
- Precambrian: 2017_GHB_Part2_Precambrian
- Palaeozoic: 2017_GHB_Part3_Palaeozoic
- Mesozoic: 2017_GHB_Part4_Mesozoic
- Cainozoic: 2017_GHB_Part5_Cainozoic
Other useful resources:
Geology of Britain (British Geological Survey) – see also the Geology of Britain viewer
Geological History of Britain and Ireland (Woodcock & Strachan 2012)
Geology of Britain (Toghill 2003)
The Geological Formation of Britain (In Our Time, Radio 4)
Utica Shale, New York State (Photo by Michael C. Rygel, from Wikimedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Joints_1.jpg)
The lecture slides for my York Lifelong Learning class on Shales & Fracking can be downloaded here: 2016_intro_shalesfracking_sml
Most of the references I discussed can be found on the website for the 2015 version of this site, here.
The new British Geological Survey appraisal of the shale gas/shale oil potential of the Wessex Basin (Oct 2016) can be found here.
The new ReFINE study (Dec 2016) on how much methane is escaping through natural fault zones in the UK can be read here.
Last but not least, a new study I have been involved with, trying to understand how climate change in the Jurassic led to the formation of organic-rich shales, can be read here. A less technical article on the study can be found here.
Pen-y-Ghent (image from Wikimedia Commons)
The PowerPoint slides for my University of York Centre for Lifelong Learning day class on the ‘Geology of the Yorkshire Dales’ can be downloaded here:
Part 1 (Intro/Early Palaeozoic): 2016GYD_1Intro_SML
Part 2 (Early Carboniferous): 2016GYD_2LowerCarb_SML
Part 3 (Late Carboniferous): 2016GYD_3UpperCarb_SML
Part 4 (Quaternary): 2016GYD_4Glacial_SML
Geology of the Yorkshire Dales National Park (Yorkshire Dales National Park guide)
Geology of the Yorkshire Dales (Out of Oblivion project)
The Geology of the Yorkshire Dales (brief intro)
Yorkshire Dales: Landscape & Geology (Tony Waltham book)
Carboniferous geology of the southern UK (BGS Earthwise)
Yoredale Group, Northern England (BGS Earthwise)
The PowerPoint slides for my class on February 6th can be downloaded here: 2016_FossilsYorksCoast_SML
Fossil hunting in North Yorkshire (UK Fossils Network guide)
Lower Jurassic of Yorkshire (Geological Conservation Review guide)
Middle Jurassic of Yorkshire (Geological Conservation Review guide)
Upper Jurassic of Yorkshire (Geological Conservation Review guide)
Yorkshire’s Jurassic Park (National Trust)
Fossils & Geology (Whitby Museum)
Fossils of the Whitby Coast: A Photographic Guide (Dean M. Lomax)
Geology & Palaeontology of Staithes (Ian M. West, Southampton University)
Upper Jurassic clay- and carbonate-rich black shales, Kimmeridge, Dorset.
The slides from my York Lifelong Learning presentation on Dec. 12th can be downloaded here as a PowerPoint file: 2015_Intro_ShalesFracking_SML.
UK & Europe
ReFINE: Researching Fracking. ReFINE is the leading international fracking research consortium, led jointly by Newcastle University and Durham University. The website includes all the group’s scientific papers, research briefs, and newsletters.
Shale Gas – British Geological Survey website with lots of information about their fracking research activities. The BGS is also building up baseline data on UK groundwater methane.
From national to fracktional: will fracking come to Britain’s national parks? A policy briefing I wrote for the Durham Energy Institute.
Whatever Happened to the Great European Fracking Boom? An article I wrote for The Conversation.
US Environmental Protection Agency report on fracking and its potential impacts on drinking water resources. Scientific papers published by the EPA for this report can be viewed here.
US Energy Information Administration (EIA) – World Shale Resource Assessments.
FracFocus – US fracking chemical disclosure registry.
US Geological Survey oil shale research.
Mud & Shales
Indiana University Shale Research Lab, led by Dr Jurgen Schieber, who conducts a lot of very interesting research into how shales form.
More Gaps Than Shale, a paper by João Trabucho-Alexandre on how mudstones form, and how complete mudstone successions are. With perhaps the best abstract in a geological paper: “Ths wht th fn-grnd mrine sdmtry rcrd rlly lks like.”
The 2015 global census of sea floor sediments, by Adriana Dutkiewicz and colleagues, shows just how fine-grained the oceans are. You can explore the globe in their amazing, interactive 3-D model!
The Scale of the Universe – if you’ve ever wondered just how small a clay particle (or pretty much anything else, for that matter) Scale of the Universe is an amazing website to explore.
Theogeology is an exciting new academic discipline, focussed on trying to understand what building stones old churches were made from, particularly in the Ryedale and Wolds regions of North and East Yorkshire.
Weaverthorpe and the Wolds, Ryedale, North Yorkshire.
It began a few months ago, when buildings archaeologist Dav Smith, a dilettante geologist (myself), and a couple of our friends, went out onto The Street in the November rain.
There are some smashing old churches along that Roman road, but most of them were rebuilt in the 19th Century. For his doctoral thesis, Dav worked on ascertaining what the original churches would have looked like, and he asked me to help with the identification of their building stones.
All Saints, Appleton-le-Street, North Yorkshire.
As is my wont, I made some wild and ill-informed speculations about the Upper Jurassic geology of the area, and tried to identify the religious rocks in question. I wasn’t of great use, but we all agreed that theogeology a very pleasant pursuit.
So, when I received a vaguely similar enquiry from Carolyn Twomey, who is researching the Norman fonts of Britain and wanted to visit the north-east Yorkshire ‘group‘ of Norman fonts to see what they were made of, Dav and I happily agreed to put our theogeological hats back on.
I will reveal what we found in the next blog post…
He’s not a real professor, he’s not a real herring, but Professor Herring’s #NaturalHystery is really happening this summer, and will be a really different tour of York!
Say hello to Professor Herring!
From volcanoes and cholera to unicorns and Patagonians, the (mostly) scientific tales of the city will be revealed in this unique Festival of Ideas event, kindly supported by the Holbeck Trust innovation fund.
Professor Herring will introduce participants to many strange and interesting characters as we meander around the city centre. Are their tales all true though?
What lies beneath these streets?
Find out on Sunday June 14th…!
(P.S. Unlike most guided tours of York, this event is free, and if we see any ghosts all participants will get their money back.)